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    Man Falls Into A Yellowstone Hot Spring Similar to Battery Acid

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    A 21-year-old man from North Carolina fell into a hot spring in Yellowstone National Park and managed to survive. Not the first hot springs incident to happen, many are wondering how the man was able to escape the flesh-boiling temperatures that claimed countless lives before him. Here’s what the experts have to say about it.

    Yellowstone Hot Springs

    Yellowstone is widely known for its natural beauty and volcanic activity but hidden in its treasured landscapes are hot springs. Not the only dangerous element in the 3,500 square foot area, hot springs can be unpredictable and have been known to shoot boiling water into the air like geysers. There are over 10,000 known thermal (meaning hot and active) features in Yellowstone.

    The Sun

    How Hot Is It?

    Because of the unpredictability of hot springs, exact temperatures are not a constant. According to geologists, hot springs can reach devastating temperatures of 199 degrees Fahrenheit (93 degrees Celsius) or higher. If any organic material were to fall in, a human being, for example, it would be the equivalent of swimming in battery acid. The tissue would be melted like butter in a frying pan.

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    A Boiling Past

    The 21-year-old is not the first human being to have fallen in. In fact, just last year a 23-year old man from Oregon took a dip in one of the hot springs. Less than 24 hours later, his body was unrecoverable because it had completely dissolved. Looking over Yellowstone’s checkered past, twenty-two people have died since 1890 after falling into the hot springs. Considering the park’s strict safety guidelines, why do people continue to be hurt or killed by hot springs?

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    How Do People Fall In?

    The answer, it seems, is simple. Though warned to stay on the paths, visitors continue to veer off the walkways and travel into areas of the park deemed dangerous. A few people in history have been said to go “hot-potting”, a term for skinny dipping in hot springs and died moments after bathing in 202 degrees Fahrenheit temperatures. This is one of those instances in which curiosity kills and the warning signs should be heeded.

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    What Happened To The Man?

    Identified as Gervais Dylan Gatete from Raleigh, North Carolina, the 21-year-old man survived a fall into a boiling hot spring with third-degree burns. He is in critical but stable condition. Despite Yellowstone’s deadly, park rangers remain hopeful that for once, people choose to stay on the designated paths rather than risk a potential a slip into the acidic springs that have thus far spared only Gatete.

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    Researchers Have Discovered A Terrifying Deep Sea Monster

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    Researchers have discovered a hermaphroditic deep-sea lizard with odd anatomy that undoubtedly makes it an optimal predator of the sea. What is this creature that has renewed terror of murky depths and raised the hair on the back of researchers’ necks?

    A Monster By Any other Name

    A horrifying fish with the face of a lizard, the teeth of a shark, and the body of an eel has recently been found dominating the sea floors off the coast of Australia. Who is this new predator in town? The Deepsea lizardfish, scientifically known as Bathysaurus ferox, which literally translates to “fierce deepsea lizard.”

    IFLScience.com

    Where Does It Come From?

    As the name suggests, Deepsea lizardfish are typically found in the dark depths of tropical or temperate seas, with the first being discovered off the coast of Australia. They reside at depths of 600-3,500 meters, in an area known as the Aphotic zone, with temperatures ranging between 3 and 4 degrees Celsius (37.4-39.2 degrees Fahrenheit). Because of the scarceness of food at the bottom of the ocean, Deepsea lizardfish are few and far between.

    Wikipedia

    What Does It Eat?

    The Deepsea lizardfish isn’t a picky superpredator. Because there is little to eat on the sea floor, Deepsea lizard fish will lock their jaws onto anything edible, including squid and other fish of various sizes.They are considered piscivores, carnivorous predators that most eat fish but have been known to eat crustaceans and mollusks. In fact, it will eat anything that crosses its path, including other Deepsea lizardfish.

    Pinterest

    The Anatomy Of A Killer

    Scientists point to the anatomy of the fish as the reason it’s an apex predator. With a broad, flat bone plated head, the Deepsea lizardfish has a wide jaw filled with needle-thin teeth that are visible even with its mouth closed, a clear sign that the lizardfish is a formidable foe to any other creature crossing its path. Add in the camouflage scales, ranging from grayish to blackish in color, and its slender, eel-like body, the Deepsea lizardfish has the advantage of being not only stealthy but quick in its attacks.

    Odd Animals

    What’s So Scary About it, eh?

    Deepsea lizardfish aren’t pretty to look at. In fact, their giant bony heads lined with deadly teeth are what makes them nightmarish in appearance and the kind of monsters we wouldn’t want to encounter but isn’t that the point? If predators like the Deepsea Lizardfish didn’t look grotesque and appalling to other creatures, especially humans, they might have gone extinct. They might have become monsters of legends rather than predators of the sea that, hideousness aside, we can’t stop ogling.

    DailyMail.co.uk

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    NASA MADE SHOCKING ANNOUNCEMENT ABOUT KEPLER MISSION

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    Around 11:00 am EDT today, NASA made an announcement about the recent discoveries from their Kepler mission. After much speculation as to the nature of the announcement, the public was finally rewarded with a glimpse into the organization’s latest finds beyond the Milky Way Galaxy.

    Announcement Details

    What can we expect? For now, NASA is keeping the exciting details to themselves, promising to release their discoveries during their official announcement. In the past, NASA has discussed mission goals, the reason why their missions are important, and the discoveries of other objects in space. For now, NASA has hinted their reveal is a general discussion of the Kepler mission.

    NASA

    What is The Kepler Mission?

    Kepler is a space station satellite built by NASA for the purpose of discovering new worlds. Whether these worlds were planets, asteroids, galaxies, or the far reaches of space didn’t matter. NASA’s eyes were on the sky and Kepler was the spyglass through which they saw. It was geared up with a photometer, a device that measured the brightness of stars nearby. Officially launched on March 7th, 2009, the Kepler mission has been successful for the past 8 years.

    Wikipedia

    Kepler’s Past Discoveries

    During its time in orbit, Kepler has made amazing discoveries. Not only has Kepler observed and recorded 145,000 main-sequence stars (stars in the same phase as our sun), it has also discovered over 1,000 exoplanets beyond our solar system. It was revealed, not long after these discoveries, that exoplanets were observed revolving around a single star, much like our planets revolve around the sun. Does this mean Kepler might have found life on one of these exoplanets?

    Skyandtelescope.com

    Life Beyond Earth Speculation

    Each time NASA discusses a future announcement, the most common speculation is whether or not they have discovered life beyond Earth. In the past, NASA has concluded that there are exoplanets that exist with traces of water. Without water, life on Earth would not exist and because of this fact, NASA looks for planets with significant amounts of it. Any mention of exoplanets with Earth-like features leads people to wonder when NASA will drop the news of extraterrestrial life.

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    NASA’s Official Reveal

    According to Mario Perez, one of the program’s scientists, 219 new exoplanets have been discovered, with ten showing the most potential. These planets are rocky, within the habitable zone, and possibly supporting liquid water, all conditions necessary for life. With the data collected by Kepler, which has found more than 4,000 exoplanets to date, other projects are underway. As the TESS project prepares for launch in 2018, NASA continues to hunt for exoplanets, searching for habitable worlds among the stars.


    Daily Galaxy

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    “Earthquake Swarm” Hits Yellowstone Supervolcano

    America’s first national park is home not only to stunning natural beauty but also to an underground magma chamber commonly known as a supervolcano. Supervolcanos are massive underground chambers of magma that could potentially erupt sometime in the future. Over the past couple of days a number of earthquakes have rocked the Yellowstone National Park, raising concern over the stability of the volcano. Earthquakes can be a sign that volcanoes are about to erupt.

    Wikicommons

    Ancient History

    Supervolcanos, sometimes called “Calderas” are formed after massive eruptions spew incredible amounts of magma into the air and the ground around the eruption site collapses, trapping the remainder of the magma in an underground chamber. The caldera in Yellowstone was formed after three major eruptions beginning over two million years ago.

    Wikicommons

    It’s Happened Before

    Supervolcanos are formed by massive explosions are can erupt several times. The Yellowstone hotspot, as the caldera in Wyoming is sometimes called, last erupted about 640,000 years ago. But other eruptions have been recorded in modern history. In 1815, Mount Tambora in Indonesia erupt causing what came to be called “The Year Without a Summer” because the amount of ash spewed into the atmosphere blocked the sun’s rays.

    Wikicommons
    The Next Time Around

    Scientists from the University of Utah and the United States Geological Survey monitor the volcano in a joint project called the Yellowstone Volcano Observatory. Supereruptions are classified as those that produce more than one thousand cubic kilometers of ash. In 2014, the USGS completed a study modeling the effects of a potential eruption. The study predicts that in the event of an eruption, volcanic ash would spread across most of the United States with some areas being covered in up to a meter of ash.

    Wikicommons

    Quake Swarm

    Over the past couple of days Yellowstone has been hit by a earthquake “swarm”, or series of earthquakes, the largest of which measured 4.5 on the Richter scale. However, according to the USGS, the possibility of Yellowstone erupting is very low, and the volcano alert level remains low. USGS also stated that if Yellowstone were to erupt it would likely be much smaller than previous events. Though earthquakes can be a predictor of volcanic activity, knowing when a volcano will erupt remains impossible.

    Wikicommons

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    Boys Were Lost For Three Days in Paris Catacombs

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    The catacombs of Paris are a seemingly endless maze of tunnels lined with the skulls and bones of countless people put there over hundreds of years. Parts of the catacombs are open to the public but some people venture into forbidden areas.

    Miles of Bones

    Situated about 60 to 70 feet underground, the catacombs are thought to contain the remains of more than six million people. There is a main entrance open to tourists but there are dozens of secret entrances located around the city. Those brave enough to enter on their own have gone to do things like drink and throw parties, or simply escape the noise of the city above.  If they’re caught, they can expect fines of up to $70.


    Wikimedia

    Empire of the Dead

    The catacombs of Paris began as limestone mines. The limestone extracted there was used to build the city buildings above ground. As the mines were depleted, they were abandoned and forgotten. Occasionally the ground above the empty mines would collapse. Starting in the late 1780s, the empty mines were filled with the remains from above ground cemeteries which had become overcrowded and a serious health concern.


    Bonjour Paris

    A Modern Labyrinth

    The catacombs stretch for miles and much of them is still uncharted. There are plaques with the street names of the roads overhead to help travelers find their way, but it is still easy to get lost. The catacombs have served as a hiding place for many in Paris’ history from revolutionaries to Resistance fighters during WWII.


    Wikipedia

    Playground for the Brave

    The catacombs have a history of attracting odd types. Some have come to soak up the history while others have tried to take advantage of the macabre environment. In 2004, Paris authorities found a fully equipped movie theater with projector and seats, a website posted the schedule of movies. Those responsible were never found. In 2015, Airbnb held a Halloween competition where winners were allowed to stay the night in the catacombs. The company paid almost $400,000 to rent the space for the night.


    Toronto Sun

    Teenagers Found

    The teens, ages 16 and 17, were found by search teams with rescue dogs after spending three days in the pitch-black tunnels. It’s not clear how they got lost or who reported them missing, but people have been known to leave the tourist area and wander among the remains of the dead. Temperatures in the tunnels are around 60 degrees Fahrenheit. After spending three days underground, the pair are being treated for hypothermia.


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    You Will Not Believe What Was Found In This Sunken Submarine

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    A civil war submarine that played a crucial role in history has been found at the bottom of the ocean near the Southeast coast of the United States. When scientists cracked the submarine open, they were blown away by the bizarre discovery inside.

    The H.L Hunley

    The submarine found was none other than the H.L Hunley, a Confederate army submarine used during the civil war. Built in Alabama and launched in July of 1863, the H.L Hunley’s career lasted less than a year, during which she sank numerous times, killing her crews and, eventually, her creator, Horace Lawson Hunley. Unlike the submarines we recognize today, the H.L Hunley was only able to be partially submerged and her track record of success was low.


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    Where Was It Found?

    In 1970, a young archaeologist by the name of E.Lee Spence accidentally discovered the submarine during a fishing trip off the coast of Charleston, South Carolina. The Hunley was covered in a thick layer of silt and encrusted with rust, which preserved the vessel remarkably well. In 1995, a diving crew confirmed the Hunley sank 100 yards out on the seaward side of where the Housatonic sat and sank to a depth of 27 feet.


    Post and Courier

    What was it doing there?

    On the night of February 17th, 1864, the H.L Hunley was on a mission to attack an enemy ship, the 205-foot Union Navy warship Housatonic. With a crew of only eight brave men, the H.L Hunley launched a torpedo, becoming the first combative submarine in history to sink a warship. This led to wide speculation. Witnesses claim to have seen a flare of blue light, signaling their mission was successful but the H.L Hunley never returned to shore. Why?


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    The Truth Is Uncovered

    Over a century after her unfortunate demise, the H.L Hunley was raised from the ocean in 2000. Archaeologists began to search every inch of the submarine for clues that might reveal the cause of the sinking. Experts speculated for years. Did the Hunley suffer a malfunction? Was she struck by the enemy’s ammunition?  In January of 2013, archaeologists made a significant discovery: the H.L Hunley was sunk by her own torpedo.


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    The H.L Hunley’s Crew

    More shocking than the Hunley sinking was the discovery of remains inside the submarine, sitting in the very stations the eight crew members worked. No injuries were found, so why didn’t the crew try to escape? Was it the result of an unsecured hatch, torpedo explosion, or did the crew, knowing their odds of survival, accept death? If there’s one secret the H.L Hunley is keeping, it’s the truth behind what happened to those eight men on February 17th, 1864.


    CNN.com

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    Scientists Can’t Believe This Is The Coldest Place In The Universe

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    AZA young proto-planetary nebula located 5,000 light years from the Earth has been identified as the current coldest region in space known to Scientists. The Boomerang Nebula, also known as the Bow Tie Nebula, has kept its frigid secret for more than twenty years, but now, scientists want answers. What makes it so cold? The truth might surprise you.

    Scientists Explore The Nebula

    First observed in 1995, the Boomerang Nebula resides in the Centaurus constellation and was measured to span more than three trillion kilometers (more than 21,000 times the distance between the Earth and Sun). The Boomerang Nebula formed from the explosion of a dying star known as a red giant, a phase our own Sun will one day enter. As the red giant expands, it envelopes surrounding stars and debris before eventually collapsing into a cloud of gas.

    Hubble Space Telescope

    A Discovery Is Made

    As astronomers searched for the reason behind low temperature, they recorded data such as comparisons of the nebula’s radiation to the surrounding area of space and the rate at which gas and dust were ejected from the nebula. Their observations revealed that the Boomerang Nebula appeared to be absorbing light from the Cosmic Microwave Background(CMB), the leftover energy from the Big Bang.The Boomerang Nebula was colder than the radiation left over from the CMB.

    BBC NEWS

    A Second Discovery

    At first, scientists couldn’t figure out why the Boomerang Nebula was so cold. When compared to other proto-planetary nebulae, the temperature alone was shocking. Cooling at a rate they’d never seen before, scientists discovered the Boomerang Nebula’s temperature was -458 degrees Fahrenheit, more than 490 degrees below the freezing point of water (32 degrees Fahrenheit). But why was the temperature drop this staggering?

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    A Hidden Secret

    According to astronomers who used ALMA, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array, when the red giant expanded and cooled, another star became lodged inside it, resulting in not one but two expanding and cooling stars. The star trapped inside the belly of the Boomerang Nebula ejected gas and dust in opposite directions, partially creating the bow-shaped appearance but this didn’t explain the temperature. Or does it?

    Dailymail.co.uk

    Scientists Find Answers

    When a gas expands, it rapidly cools. Proto-planetary nebulae enter a period of intense cooling and eject gases from its center. In the case of the Boomerang Nebula, the amount of gas and dust ejected was doubled, exploding at a rate of 164 km/s through two narrow points. As a result, gas was expelled and cooled much faster than normal, unable to gather in one place for warmth. A perfect example is to exhale naturally on your hand. You’ll notice your breath is warm. Now, purse your lips to create a narrow escape and blow. Feels cold, doesn’t it?

    Forbes.com

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    Surgeons Remove This Strange Object From A Man Who Was Constipated For Years

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    A TEAM of surgeons has removed a very unusual object from the insides of a man after a rare condition caused him to suffer severe discomfort and pain for years.


    Wikipedia

    The condition, known as Hirschsprung’s disease, is a fairly uncommon disease, which only occurs in about one in 5,000 people born – most of whom are men.


    YYK Family Doctor

    The patient, a young man in his ’20s, was treated at the 10th People’s Hospital of Shanghai in eastern China. He began experiencing symptoms at a very young age, his doctors reported.


    Spine Universe

    For the most part, the unnamed patient has been relying on medication for years to help reduce the symptoms caused by the disease. But recently the discomfort and pain became too much for him to handle.

    At one point, the patient’s stomach had become so enlarged that he looked like he was heavily pregnant. But, in reality, that was not the case.

    As a result, the young man finally decided to check into the hospital to get treatment.

    Doctor Yin Lu and his team of experts met with the man and claimed they were stunned by the size of the man’s abdomen, noting that “it looked like it could explode at any time.”

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    Rare Mummies Found In Massive Egyptian Tomb

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    Researchers recently discovered some pretty incredible things while exploring an ancient cemetery in Tuna el-Gebel. Inside one of the tombs (in what seems like a scene right out of the old Indiana Jones movies), they came to a point where the path veered off in different directions. Each direction revealed various passageways – each of them containing numerous rare objects.

    Tour Egypt

    Very little is known about the chambers, though, because not enough time has passed since their discovery. The cemetery itself, Tuna el-Gebel, has been on researchers’ radar for around 80 years.


    Jean-Claude Golvin

    The site was once a major city and provincial capital known as, Hermopolis, which roughly translates into “eight-town,” named after a group of eight gods that existed before the Earth was created.


    HATCH Macleay Newsroom

    The location of the cemetery is unique in the sense that the necropolis was separated from the people there by a river. It is thought that the dead were carried to their final resting places by boat and not in coffins over land, as was previously suspected.


    IP Factly

    Some of the more prominent members of society that have been uncovered are a 4th-century high priest named Petosiris and a wealthy young woman named Isadora. Buried with them were various objects not seen by humans in centuries. Some of the items included coins, pottery and some other exceptional items.

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    Queensland Museum / KingTutOne

    Researches were able to tell from the numerous mummified falcons, baboons, and other creatures that Petosiris was a serious collector of animals.

    Isadora was, unfortunately, killed while crossing the Nile. Her father had her buried in Tuna el-Gebel. There still exists wonderful engravings of Greek poetry within her tomb.

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    Doctors Are Seriously Warning Women Against THIS Dangerous Trend

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    Doctors, once again,  are warning women everywhere against following unsafe medical advice. This is especially true if you’re reading about hot new trends on the internet. There is no good reason to try out these new fads, not even if you think there is something wrong with you – which there is almost certainly not.


    Drug Store News

    Science has come a very long way and almost all infections can be easily resolved by simply visiting the pharmacy. If it’s more serious, you may need to visit your doctor but you can be sure you’ll get the right kind of treatment and not end up possibly causing even worse things to happen.


    Gizmodo

    Recently, there have been posts popping up on the pages of Etsy and Amazon peddling products to women called oak galls. Some research suggests that oak galls, or manjakani, have some ability to act as an antibacterial substance. But doctors have serious hesitations and are warning women against using them.


    Wikipedia

    So what are these oak galls and how do they (supposedly) work? According to the almighty Wikipedia, oak galls (aka oak apples) are abnormal growths on trees that “are caused by chemicals injected by the larva of certain kinds of gall wasps.”

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    In Cities Across The US, Buildings Are Lighting Up Green In Protest Over Trump’s Decision To Exit Paris Agreement

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    In the wake of President Trump’s announcement that he will exit the Paris Climate Agreement, it seems that not everyone is standing behind the commander in chief. Cities across the US are lighting up major buildings green in order to show their support for the agreement. Their actions could also be seen as indicating resistance to Trump’s decision.

    Andrew Cuomo, New York’s Governor, ordered both the One World Trade Center and the Kosciuszko Bridge to be lit green in support against the White House.
    He told the press, “The White House’s reckless decision to withdraw from the Paris Accord has devastating repercussions not only for the United States, but for our planet.” He continued, “this administration is abdicating its leadership and taking a backseat to other countries in the global fight against climate change.”

    Both Bill de Blasio, New York City’s Mayor, and Marty Walsh, Boston’s Mayor showed their dissatisfaction by lighting up their city halls in protest over Trump’s decision.

    Washington Mayor Muriel Bowser also demonstrated his stance against Trump’s decision by lighting up the Wilson Building green and tweeting his actions were “in honor of DC’s continued commitment” to the Paris Agreement.

    This wasn’t just happening in the US. Countries all over the world, including Mexico and Canada, also demonstrated their continued alliance to the Paris Agreement by lighting up major builds.

    Overall, it seems that despite the White House’s decision to exit the agreement, cities and states across the country and all over the world are not happy. We wonder how long this type of protest will continue. Comment and let us know how you feel about buildings being lit up in green. Do you think it’ll make a difference?

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    100 Years After Extinction Scientists Are Hoping To Resurrect Giant Galapagos Tortoises

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    A species of giant tortoises, believed to have gone extinct more than 100 years ago, are possibly getting a new chance at life. Scientists believe that they may be able to bring back the tortoises that were once unique to the Floreana Island in the Galapagos.

    After humans arrived in the Galapagos, the tortoise populations were decimated as a result of hunting and the introduction of foreign species, such as rats, that could prey on the young. It’s believed that there was once about 15 different species alive at the time. However, only about 11 of them still exist now.

    Recently, conservation biologists discovered that there are not only living descendants of the once-believed extinct tortoises still in existence but also that there are actually purebred specimens still living today. As a result, they are hoping that they can regrow the population through careful and selective breeding.


    New Scientist

    23 of the animals have been collected and taken to a breeding center where they will be introduced to 44 other tortoises that were previously collected on a past expedition to the islands. If the breeding program is successful, the researchers hope to reintroduce the tortoises to the island and return them to their once-natural state.

    To give you a little more information, these are the same tortoises that were documented by Darwin during his visit to the Galapagos. The are a unique species because they have a saddle-shaped shell, allowing them to raise their necks to reach higher vegetation. It is believed that their populations were almost completely destroyed just years after Darwin’s visit.

    This is a very exciting announcement that is made possible only by advancements made in science and technology. Let us know how you feel about the possible reintroduction of the species in the comments section.